No Man’s Land


No Man’s Land: Globalization, Territory, and Clandestine Groups in Southeast Asia

Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 2010

Singapore: NUS Press, 2011 (in Asia and Oceania)

Finalist, 2011 Bernard Schwartz Book Award, Asia Society

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The increased ability of clandestine groups to operate with little regard for borders or geography is often taken to be one of the dark consequences of a brave new globalized world. Yet even for terrorists and smugglers, the world is not flat; states exert formidable control over the technologies of globalization, and difficult terrain poses many of the same problems today as it has throughout human history.

In No Man’s Land, Justin V. Hastings examines the complex relationship that illicit groups have with modern technology—and how and when geography still matters. Based on often difficult fieldwork in Southeast Asia, Hastings traces the logistics networks, command and control structures, and training programs of three distinct clandestine organizations: the terrorist group Jemaah Islamiyah, the insurgent Free Aceh Movement, and organized criminals in the form of smugglers and maritime pirates. Hastings also compares the experiences of these groups to others outside Southeast Asia, including al-Qaeda, the Tamil Tigers, and the Somali pirates.

Through reportage, memoirs, government archives, interrogation documents, and interviews with people on both sides of the law, he finds that despite their differences, these organizations are constrained and shaped by territory and technology in similar ways. In remote or hostile environments, where access to the infrastructure of globalization is limited, clandestine groups must set up their own costly alternatives. Even when successful, Hastings concludes, criminal, insurgent and terrorist organizations are not nearly as mobile as pessimistic views of the sinister side of globalization might suggest.


“Engaging and accessible, No Man’s Land is a fascinating book on extremely timely and important topics—terrorism, insurgency, and cross-border crime.”—Peter Andreas, Brown University, author of Blue Helmets and Black Markets.

No Man’s Land is a useful and original contribution to the literature on terrorism from the perspective of political geography. It provides a different perspective from mainstream terrorism and strategic studies and gives a useful counter to the sometimes bloated claims of the advocates of globalization. Just as realists in International Relations argue that globalization has not meant the end of the state, Justin V. Hastings makes a compelling argument that territory matters and that it is not passé, despite the emergence of the global interlinked economy.”—Andrew T. H. Tan, Convenor for International Studies, University of New South Wales

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